Oskar Lindberg (1887-1955) was born in Dalecarlia, the part of Sweden that is probably most deeply infused with folk culture, both in the pictorial arts and in music. He belonged to a far-reaching family of country fiddlers, and he was to become its most famous member. From the age of fourteen he served as an organist in the church of his home village, Gagnef, and two years later he commenced his studies at the Conservatory of Music in Stockholm. He graduated as an organist in 1906, and gained further qualifications in music teaching and church singing in 1908. In parallel, he also studied composition under Ernst Ellberg and subsequently, until 1911, under the by then elderly Andreas Hallén. As early as 1906 he took up the position of organist at the Church of the Trinity (Trefaldighetskyrkan) in Stockholm. Even though he was to work in the capital for the rest of his life, he returned home as often as he could, and never distanced himself from his origins; on the contrary, he soon became one of the foremost communicators and ennoblers of Dalecarlia’s rich traditions.